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Advocating a new paradigm for electron simulations
Researchers improve a widely used simulation method for high-performance computing clusters.
[Science daily]

Machine-learning algorithms can help health care staff correctly diagnose alcohol-associated hepatitis, acute cholangitis
New research finds that machine-learning algorithms can help health care staff distinguish the two conditions. Researchers show how algorithms may be effective predictive tools using a few simple variables and routinely available structured clinical (...)
[Science daily]

Building explainability into the components of machine-learning models
Researchers have created a taxonomy and outlined steps that developers can take to design features in machine-learning models that are easier for decision-makers to understand.
[Science daily]

Breaking AIs to make them better
Current AIs are very accurate but inflexible at image recognition. Exactly why this is remains a mystery. Researchers have developed a method called 'Raw Zero-Shot' to assess how neural networks handle elements unknown to them. The results have the potential to help researchers identify (...)
[Science daily]

Capturing an elusive shadow: State-by-state gun ownership
In a new study, researchers describe a spatio-temporal model to predict trends in firearm prevalence on a state-by-state level by fusing data from two available proxies -- background checks per capita and suicides committed with a firearm in a given state. Calibrating their results with yearly (...)
[Science daily]

Artificial intelligence techniques used to obtain antibiotic resistance patterns
New research analyzes antibiotic resistance patterns, with the aim of finding trends that can help decide which treatment to apply to each type of patient and stop the spread of bacteria.
[Science daily]

Tracking a levitated nanoparticle with a mirror
Sensing with levitated nanoparticles has so far been limited by the precision of position measurements. Now, researchers have demonstrated a new method for optical interferometry in which light scattered by a particle is reflected by a mirror. This opens up new possibilities for using levitated (...)
[Science daily]

Investigating positron scattering from giant molecular targets
New research looks at positron scattering from rare gas atoms encapsulated in carbon 60 to investigate quantum properties that can't be tested with electrons.
[Science daily]

Electrospinning promises major improvements in wearable technology
Researchers examine some of thelatest advances in wearable electronic devices and systems being developed using electrospinning -- the fabrication of nanofibers with tunable properties from a polymer base -- and showcase the many advantages electrospun materials have over conventional bulk (...)
[Science daily]

Making dark semiconductors shine
The energy-levels of semiconductors can be rearranged by coupling between light particles (photons) and excited electrons so that a formerly dark material becomes optically active. In their experiments, the researchers succeeded in manipulating the energy-level structure in an ultra-thin sample (...)
[Science daily]

Supernumerary virtual robotic arms can feel like part of our body
Researchers have developed a virtual robotic limb system which can be operated by users' feet in a virtual environment as extra, or supernumerary, limbs. After training, users reported feeling like the virtual robotic arms had become part of their own body. This study focused on the (...)
[Science daily]

People less outraged by gender discrimination caused by algorithms
People are less morally outraged when gender discrimination occurs because of an algorithm rather than direct human involvement, according to new research.
[Science daily]

3D printing of 'organic electronics'
A research group has explored the potential production of micro-scale organic electronics for use in bioelectronics via multiphoton 3-D printers.
[Science daily]

New deep learning model helps the automated screening of common eye disorders
Automation in disease diagnosis is reliant on deep learning models that can accurately and efficiently identify measurements of tumors, tissue volume, or other sorts of abnormalities. Now, researchers have unveiled a new, resource-light model capable of identifying many common eye (...)
[Science daily]

Wearable chemical sensor is as good as gold
Researchers created a special ultrathin sensor, spun from gold, that can be attached directly to the skin without irritation or discomfort. The sensor can measure different biomarkers or substances to perform on-body chemical analysis. It works using a technique called Raman spectroscopy, where (...)
[Science daily]

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