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Harnessing noise in optical computing for AI
A research team has developed an optical computing system for AI and machine learning that not only mitigates the noise inherent to optical computing but actually uses some of it as input to help enhance the creative output of the artificial neural network within the (...)
[Science daily]

How robots learn to hike
Researchers have developed a new control approach that enables a legged robot, called ANYmal, to move quickly and robustly over difficult terrain. Thanks to machine learning, the robot can combine its visual perception of the environment with its sense of touch for the first (...)
[Science daily]

Is Ethiopia's enset 'wondercrop' for climate change?
The banana-like crop has the potential to feed more than 100 million people, according to research.
[BBC News Africa]

Researchers simulate behavior of living 'minimal cell' in three dimensions
Scientists report that they have built a living 'minimal cell' with a genome stripped down to its barest essentials -- and a computer model of the cell that mirrors its behavior. By refining and testing their model, the scientists say they are developing a system for predicting how (...)
[Science daily]

Towards quantum simulation of false vacuum decay
By shaking an optical lattice potential, researchers have realized a discontinuous phase transition in a strongly correlated quantum gas, opening the door to quantum simulations of false vacuum decay in the early universe.
[Science daily]

​Metalenz Unveils PolarEyes: The First Polarization Technology Designed to Increase Your Security and Manage Healthcare From Smartphones
Boston, Jan. 20, 2022 — Metalenz, the first company to commercialize meta-optics, today unveils PolarEyes : a new polarization technology that brings entirely new forms of sensing to camera-equipped devices. Built on foundational research from the Capasso Lab at Harvard University, (...)
[WebWire Electronic components]

Towards compact quantum computers thanks to topology
Researchers at PSI have compared the electron distribution below the oxide layer of two semiconductors. The investigation is part of an effort to develop particularly stable quantum bits -- and thus, in turn, particularly efficient quantum (...)
[Science daily]

Scientists achieve key elements for fault-tolerant quantum computation in silicon spin qubits
Researchers have achieved a key milestone toward the development of a fault-tolerant quantum computer. They were able to demonstrate a two-qubit gate fidelity of 99.5 percent -- higher than the 99 percent considered to be the threshold for building fault-tolerant computers -- using electron (...)
[Science daily]

Quantum computing in silicon hits 99 percent accuracy
Researchers have proven that near error-free quantum computing is possible, paving the way to build silicon-based quantum devices compatible with current semiconductor manufacturing technology.
[Science daily]

Solving a crystal's structure when you've only got powder
Crystals reveal the hidden geometry of molecules to the naked eye. Scientists use crystals to figure out the atomic structure of new materials, but many materials can't be grown large enough. Now, a team of researchers report a new technique that can lead to the discovery of the crystalline (...)
[Science daily]

Smart windows can significantly reduce indoor pathogens
Daylight passing through smart windows results in almost complete disinfection of surfaces within 24 hours while still blocking harmful ultraviolet (UV) light, according to new research. For this research, she tested four strains of hazardous bacteria -- methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus (...)
[Science daily]

Self-organization of complex structures: A matter of time
Researchers have developed a new strategy for manufacturing nanoscale structures in a time- and resource-efficient manner.
[Science daily]

Edge processing research takes discovery closer to use in artificial intelligence networks
Researchers have successfully demonstrated proof-of-concept of using their multimodal transistor (MMT) in artificial neural networks, which mimic the human brain. This is an important step towards using thin-film transistors as artificial intelligence hardware and moves edge computing forward, (...)
[Science daily]

Researchers use AI to analyze tweets debating vaccination and climate change
Using artificial intelligence (AI) researchers have found that between 2007 and 2016 online sentiments around climate change were uniform, but this was not the case with vaccination. Climate change and vaccinations might share many of the same social and environmental elements, but that (...)
[WebWire Internet technology]

Bone growth inspired 'microrobots' that can create their own bone
Inspired by the growth of bones in the skeleton, researchers have developed a combination of materials that can morph into various shapes before hardening. The material is initially soft, but later hardens through a bone development process that uses the same materials found in the (...)
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